What is the aftermath of stroke?

Stroke is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States.112 According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Framingham Heart Study (FHS)2...

  • 14% of persons who survive a first stroke or TIA will have another one within 1 year.
  • 22% of men and 25% of women who have an initial stroke die within a year. This percentage is higher among people age 65 and older.
  • 51% of men and 53% of women under age 65 who have a stroke die within 8 years.
  • The length of time to recover from a stroke depends on its severity. From 50–70% of stroke survivors regain functional independence, but 15–30% are permanently disabled, and 20% require institutional care at 3 months after onset.


In the NHLBI’s
FHS, among ischemic stroke survivors who were at least 65 years old, these disabilities were observed at 6 months post-stroke114:

  • 50% had some hemiparesis.
  • 30% were unable to walk without some assistance.
  • 26% were dependent in activities of daily living.
  • 19% had aphasia.
  • 35% had depressive symptoms.
  • 26% were institutionalized in a nursing home.