Surgery. The primary therapy for patients with thyroid cancer is surgery, which is followed by thyroid hormone therapy for the rest of their life. This may be the only therapy needed in patients who are at low risk for recurrence of the cancer.
Radioactive iodine therapy. Radioactive iodine may be used as a “magic bullet” to destroy thyroid cancer cells after surgical removal of the thyroid gland. For radioactive iodine to be effective, high levels of